About the Islamic calendar
The Islamic calendar (known as the Hijri calendar) is a purely lunar calendar. It contains 12 months that are based on the motion of the moon. Because 12 synodic months are only 12 x 29.53= 354.36 days, the Islamic calendar is consistently shorter than a solar year, and therefore shifts approximately 11 days every year with respect to the Gregorian calendar.
There are an estimated 3-6 million Muslims in America. While American Muslims are from a wide variety of ethnic backgrounds-- including African-American, South Asian, Arab, African, Persian, European, Southeast Asian and Turkish--they may have additional ethnic or national holidays in addition to the religious holidays we describe below.
Recognizing these holy days not only brings awareness of the diversity within the student population, but also instills pride in Muslim students who celebrate them. Muslim students may be embarrassed or shy to acknowledge these practices or holy days, which are not yet a part of the dominant American culture. We hope this information will be useful.
May 16 - June 14 2018
Ramadan (Islamic month of Fasting)
Ramadan is the 9th month of the Islamic calendar, during which Muslims fast daily from dawn to sunset as part of an effort towards self-purification and moral excellence. Muslims believe that Ramadan is the month in which the first verses of Islam’s holy book, the Qur’an, were revealed by God through the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad.
June 15, 2018
Eid ul-Fitr (Festival of Breaking the Fast)
This holiday commemorates the completion of Ramadan and lasts for three days during which Muslims celebrate with special prayers, sweets, presents for children and community festivities.
August 19 - August 24, 2018
Hajj (Annual Pilgrimage to Mecca)
The Hajj, or annual pilgrimage to Mecca, consists of several rituals which symbolize the essential concepts of the Islamic faith, such as devotion to God, brotherhood, and unity. The rituals of the Hajj also commemorate the trials of the Prophet Abraham and his family. Hajj is required once in a Muslim’s lifetime if one is financially and physically able. Two to three million Muslims perform the pilgrimage annually.
August 21, 2018
Eid-ul-Adha (Festival of the Sacrifice)
This holiday takes place on the third day of Hajj and lasts for four days. The holiday commemorates Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son, who was miraculously replaced by a lamb. The holiday is celebrated much like Eid ul-Fitr with the addition that Muslims sacrifice a lamb, goat or cow, and share the meat with friends, relatives, and the needy.
September 11, 2018 (1440 A.H.*)
Islamic New Year
Islamic New Year marks the beginning of the new year on the Islamic calendar. The Islamic calendar began with the migration - or Hijra – of the Prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina. This event has a special significance in Islamic history as it marks the end of the period of persecution in Mecca and the transition to a recognized faith community in Medina.
September 20, 2018
Ashura falls on the 10th of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar. For Sunnis, Ashura commemorates the exodus of Moses from Egypt, and is usually observed by completing an optional fast as practiced by the Prophet Muhammad. For Shi'as, it marks the anniversary of the tragic death of the Prophet's grandson, Husain at the hands of the Umayyad ruler, Yazid. For Shi’as the day is marked with mourning and often enactments of the tragic event.
Upcoming Islamic Dates
Ramadan: May 6 - June 3, 2019
Eid ul-Fitr: June 4, 2019
Hajj: August 8 - August 10, 2019
Eid ul-Adha: August 11, 2019
Islamic New Year: August 31, 2019 (1441 A.H.)
Ashura: September 9, 2019
Ramadan: April 24 - May 23, 2020
Eid ul-Fitr: May 24, 2020
Hajj: July 28 - July 30, 2020
Eid ul-Adha: July 31, 2020
Islamic New Year: August 20, 2020 (1442 A.H.)
Ashura: August 29, 2020
Please Note: In some regions of the country and based on differences in scholarly opinions, actual dates are subject to local sightings of the new moon. For more information, please contact the Islamic Speakers Bureau of Arizona at 480-946-0626.
|Year||Hijra New Year||Ashura||Mawlid an Nabi||Ramadan Starts||Eid Al-Fitr||Eid Al-Adha|
|By Ahmed Hamdy Eissa. A Uniform Calendar for the Western Hemisphere. Actual Western hemisphere moon sightings may occur a day later but never earlier, than these dates reflect.|